International Convention for the Protection of All Persons From Enforced Disappearance
The International Convention for the Protection of All Persons From Enforced Disappearance codifies enforced disappearances as a crime and, when widespread and systematic, as a crime against humanity and therefore subject to international prosecution.
Under the convention, participating countries must take measures to prevent enforced disappearances. To that end, secret detention is prohibited and all detention facilities must maintain detailed registries. The convention recognizes the right for victims and their families to know the truth surrounding an enforced disappearance and to seek reparations for their loss.
The convention also establishes a treaty-monitoring body, which will consider state and individual complaints of enforced disappearances and will conduct field investigations when necessary. This committee will report to the General Assembly on urgent issues including widespread or systematic disappearances.
The convention was adopted by consensus during the first session of the U.N. Human Rights Council. The new council, which held its first session from June 19 to June 30, 2006, replaced the Human Rights Commission, which had fallen into disrepute. The convention was adopted byÂ the U.N. General Assembly on Dec. 20, 2006.
For more information
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons From Enforced Disappearance (full text)
â€œHuman Rights Council concludes first session.â€ U.N. Human Rights Council; June 30, 2006.
â€œThe drafting of the United Nations Standard Rules; international convention for the protection of all persons from enforced disappearance.â€ Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, the International Commission of Jurists and the International Federation of Human Rights; June 16, 2006.
â€œFirst session of the United Nationâ€™s Human Rights Council; two major breakthroughs for the victims.â€ International Federation of Human Rights; July 3, 2006.